In particular, the research verification process must recognize the unique pressure on astronauts to overcome all barriers to space participation. The usual methods of informed consent (Box 6-2) do not recognize the intense competition between astronauts that must be attributed to a given mission and the implied coercive effects of such competition. Strict standards must be applied to any clinical research protocol in which astronauts participate, and the verification process must be transparent, accountable and trustworthy from the astronauts` perspective. The application of an alternating occupational health model that includes a clear understanding of the restrictions on physician and patient confidentiality (see box 6-1 and previous paragraph) will support a clinical research system for astronauts with full and honest informed consent. Imagine that the health and safety system of the first nuclear power plant is in the planning phase. Since the hazards of working in such an environment are neither fully understood nor fully foreseeable, it would be justified to require facility workers to wear radiation sensors, routine biological samples to be provided to verify radiation exposure effects, and to report signs and symptoms that may be related to radiation exposure to health and safety system designers. This data would not be disclosed to the general public and, in most cases, should not be disclosed to the employer, but the data would be essential for those responsible for the design of the safest workplace. If the public health officer does not know all this data (so that protective practices could be improved), this could put other workers at risk. The level of monitoring and the extent of data collection should be commensurated with the novelty of the work environment; More monitoring and therefore less privacy would be more appropriate in the first 5 installations than in the 20th facility. Low-risk, non-invasive, time-free clinical research and data acquisition protocols designed to improve crew safety and performance and spacecraft livability. If you watch astronauts Bob Behnken and Doug Hurley go to the SpaceX Crew Dragon capsule to begin demonstration mission 2 at the International Space Station, you`ll find that their spacesuits are different from the ones you`re used to seeing. They look thinner than the sokol and entry-level suits that astronauts carry aboard the Soyuz capsule, which has been carrying crews to the ISS for nine years.
They are even less like the orange “pumpkin suits” also known as the Advanced Crew Escape System (ACES) costumes that carried space shuttle crews when they took the shuttle into orbit or at the space station. It should come as no surprise that the costumes, like many things related to Elon Musks SpaceX`s operation, deliberately look different from anything that happened before them. A complete list of the astronaut`s medical information that would be routinely collected cannot be specified in advance by this committee. Information that has nothing to do with the ability to travel in space should not be routinely collected, but the Committee believes that it would be up to NASA to develop a routine data collection policy. It is essential that this policy is put in place through massive contributions from astronauts. The central assumption of any mandatory collection of medical data should be that the safety of the astronaut crew takes precedence over the confidentiality of each astronaut, although the details of the data to be collected require SpaceX. Elon Musk dreamed of colonizing Mars, but was frustrated by the slowness with which he arrived and founded SpaceX in 2002. To go to Mars, he decided that space must first be made cheaper.
His philosophy was to develop a missile system that could be used several times with minimal rehabilitation between flights.