The EU and New Zealand have agreed to strengthen cooperation in prosecutions following the Christchurch attacks. On the basis of a working agreement signed in April 2019 (see eucrim 2/2019, p. 89), Europol and New Zealand can exchange strategic information, but no personal data. New Zealand has been placed on the list of priority countries with which the Commission intends to conclude operational security agreements to combat terrorism, migration and other serious forms of crime. So far, countries in the Middle East/North Africa (MENA) region are among these countries. The Commission stressed that the EU and New Zealand are partners with similar views and approaches on many global issues. According to Europol, there are mainly common operational interests in the following areas: terrorism, cybercrime (including the sexual exploitation of children), the prohibition of offenders on motorbikes and drug trafficking. Europol and the New Zealand authorities have worked successfully in these areas in the past. Europol`s partnerships and external agreements have different forms depending on the Agency`s relations with the country concerned.
Denmark has not been allowed to participate in the overhaul of the 2016 Europol Regulation because it disconnects from the area of freedom, security and justice. In a referendum in December 2015, she opposed the transformation of her opt-out into a case-by-case opt-in, which would have allowed her to participate in the new regulation and remain a member of Europol. However, Denmark and the European Union agreed on a cooperation agreement in December 2016. The agreement was adopted by the European Parliament and the Danish Parliament on 27 April 2017 and signed on 29 April 2017, two days before Denmark was cut off from the Agency.   On 11 January 2013, Director Rob Wainwright and European Commissioner for Home Affairs Cecilia Malmstrom set up the European Cybercrime Centre (EC3 or EC3), a Europol unit, to help Member States reduce and stop cybercrime by organised groups in order to generate significant criminal profits (e.g. B online fraud) that cause serious harm to victims (for example. B the sexual exploitation of children on the internet) or jeopardise critical infrastructure and systems in the EU. The Centre`s objective is to coordinate cross-border enforcement actions against cybercrime and to act as a centre of technological expertise, such as the development and training of tools.    Commissioner Malmstrom said that the need for a cybercrime centre in Europe was to “protect the open and free internet”.   On 25 January 2016, the European Counter-Terrorism Centre (ECTC) was established as a new strategic platform within Europol to exchange information between EU Member States, track the movements of Europeans to and from Syria, and monitor terrorist finances and the use of the internet by militants.   In addition, other states with which Europol has cooperation agreements are represented by at least one liaison officer, as well as Interpol and Eurojust.
As a result, officials from 41 countries, Interpol and Eurojust are in the same location, making it easier to communicate between them and their respective national authorities. Although both types of agreements aim to improve cooperation between Europol and the country concerned, there is a big difference: strategic agreements are limited to the exchange of general and strategic and technical information, while operational agreements allow the exchange of information, including personal data.